Evista is an estrogen agonist/antagonist drug that alters the cycle of bone formation process and breakdown of bone in the body. It helps in arresting the loss of bone tissue.
The generic name of Evista is raloxifene hydrochloride.
Indications of Evista (Raloxifene)
The indications of Evista (Raloxifene) include:
- Treatment of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
- Prevention of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women
- Prevention of susceptibility of invasion of breast cancer in postmenopausal women
One thing to keep in mind is that Evista (Raloxifene) is not a cancer medication. It is not used in the treatment of breast cancer but, only to prevent the invasion of breast cancer in postmenopausal women.
Side- effects of Evista (Raloxifene)
The side- effects caused by Evista (Raloxifene) can be divided in serious side-effects and common side- effects.
The serious side- effects of Evista (Raloxifene) include:
- Allergic reaction to Evista (Raloxifene): The allergic reaction to Evista (Raloxifene) occurs if you are allergic to any of the ingredient of Evista (Raloxifene). The reaction needs emergency medical attention. The symptoms include swelling on throat, tongue, lips and face, difficulty in breathing and occurrence of rashes or hives.
- Occurrence of lumps or any sort of changes in breast
- Signs of blood clot in lungs that lead to symptoms like chest pain, wheezing, sudden cough, coughing up blood, rapid breathing
- Signs of strokes including sudden weakness or numbness especially on 1 side of body, slurred speech, sudden severe weakness, problem in balancing or vision
- Signs of blood clot in the legs causing symptoms like pain, warmth, redness or swelling in one or both the legs
These side- effects need medical attention. If you experience any one or more symptoms, you must consult your doctor immediately.
The common symptoms of Evista (Raloxifene) include:
- Leg cramps
- Hot flashes
- Joint pain
- Swelling in hands, feet or ankles
- Symptoms of flu
- Increased sweating
These symptoms are not so serious and hence, they do not require medical attention. They go by themselves after discontinuation of medication.
How to take Evista (Raloxifene)?
A patient is advised to take Evista (Raloxifene) as prescribed by the doctor. A patient is always advised to take the drug in exact dose as instructed by the doctor. It is strictly prohibited to alter the drug dosage or taking the drug for shorter or longer duration of time than recommended. Taking the drug dose at the same time of the day everyday is recommended to get best results.
Evista (Raloxifene) can be taken with food or without food.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Evista (Raloxifene) is not recommended for use in the women who are pregnant. The drug might cause unwanted side- effects in the foetus. There are certain reports of cases of foetal abnormalities, impaired reproductive function and reproductive system abnormalities in the female children.
Evista (Raloxifene) is also contraindicated in lactating mothers as the drug can pass into the breast milk and cause unwanted side- effects in the nursing babies.
Evista is prescribed for use by post-menopausal women to prevent or treat osteoporosis. It is recommended that calcium and Vitamin D supplements be taken in conjunction with Evista.
Evista comes in tablet form which is taken orally. The usual dosage is one 60mg tablet once a day. Evista does not have to be taken with food.
If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as you remember, as long as it does not clash with the next scheduled dose. In this case, rather skip the missed dose. Never take a double dose.
In the event of surgery (including dental) while taking Evista it is important to inform the doctor. In addition, if the recovery time is likely to be a lengthy period of bed rest, it may be necessary to stop taking Evista during this time. While taking Evista, patients may not stay in a sedentary position for long periods. Patients who smoke and/or use alcohol can suffer an increased loss of bone after menopause.