Cipro is an antibiotic drug that is classified under the group of fluoroquinolone antibiotic drugs. These drugs help in fighting the bacteria in the body.
These drugs treat various bacterial infections including various kinds of plague and anthrax infections. The generic name of Cipro is Ciprofloxacin.
Generally, fluoroquinolone antibiotic drugs lead to serious, disabling adverse- effects and hence, they are not widely used. They are used only when an infection could not be treated with a safer antibiotic.
Fluroquinolones including ciprofloxacin are known to cause side- effects like tendon rupture, tendinitis, peripheral neuropathy, exacerbation of myasthenia gravis and other central nervous system effects.
Indications of Cipro (Ciprofloxacin)
Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) in indicated for use in:
- Skin and Skin Structure Infections
Skin and Skin Structure Infections Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Enterobacter cloacae, Morganella morganii, Proteus vulgaris, Providencia stuartii, methicillinsusceptible Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Citrobacter freundii
- Bone and Joint Infections
It is used in bone and joint infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens or Enterobacter cloacae.
- Infectious Diarrhea
Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) is used for treatment of diarrhea caused by Campylobacter jejuni, Shigella dysenteriae, Escherichia coli (enterotoxigenic isolates), or Shigella flexneri
- Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections
It is used in complicated intra- abdominal infections caused by Bacteroides fragilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, or Escherichia coli
- Typhoid Fever (Enteric Fever)
In adult patients, Cipro is used in treatment of typhoid fever (enteric fever) that is caused by Slamonella typhi.
- Uncomplicated Cervical And Urethral Gonorrhea
Cipro is used in the treatment of uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhoea by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
- Inhalational Anthrax (Post-Exposure)
It is used in adults and pediatric patients up to 17 years for inhalation anthrax.
It is used in the treatment of caused by Yersinia pestis.
- Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
Chronic bacterial prostatitis caused by Proteus mirabilis or Escherichia coli.
- Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
Lower respiratory tract infection caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, Haemophilus parainfluenzae, Haemophilus influenzae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella pneumoniae, or Escherichia coli.
- Urinary Tract Infections
Urinary tract infections caused by Morganella morganii, Citrobacter freundii, Enterococcus faecalis, Serratia marcescens, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus epidermidis, Providencia rettgeri, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae or Citrobacter koseri
- Acute Uncomplicated Cystitis
It is used in female patients with acute uncomplicated cystitis caused by Staphylococcus saprophyticus or E. Coli.
- Complicated Urinary Tract Infection And Pyelonephritis
It is also used in treatment of Complicated Urinary Tract Infection And Pyelonephritis In pediatric patients.
- Acute Sinusitis
It is used for the treatment of acute sinusitis caused by Moraxella catarrhalis, Streptococcus pneumonia or Haemophilus influenza.
Side- effects of Cipro (Ciprofloxacin)
Serious side- effects of Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) include:
- Allergic reaction to Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) leading to symptoms like hives and rashes, difficulty in breathing and occurrence of swelling on face, throat, lips and tongue.
- Pounding or rapid heartbeat, fainting, severe dizziness
- Watery or bloody diarrhea
- Sudden pain, popping or snapping sound, bruising, tenderness, swelling, stiffness or movement loss in any of the joints
- Hallucination, confusion, depression
Common side- effects include:
- Abnormal liver function
How to take Cipro (Ciprofloxacin)?
You must take Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) as prescribed by the doctor without changing the dose amount of duration of taking the drug. Patient can take this drug with or without food.
Cipro is an antibiotic taken orally to treat bacterial infections of the respiratory tract as well bacterial infections of the skin. It is also prescribed for patients who have inhaled anthrax.
Cipro is to be taken with a glass of water as prescribed by a doctor. Cipro does not have to be taken with food. While taking Cipro, it is recommended that patients increase their intake of water. Caution should be exercised by patients who are taking vitamin supplements containing bismuth subsalicylate, zinc, iron, calcium or magnesium. Products containing any of these properties should be taken six hours before taking Cipro, or two hours after taking Cipro. Do not stop taking Cipro even if the infection clears. The full course must be taken.
If a dose is missed, it can be taken as soon as you remember, as long as it does not clash with the next scheduled dose. In this case, rather skip the missed dose. Never take a double dose.
Cipro is to be used with caution. Possible side-effects are dizziness, lightheadedness and blurred vision. When alcohol, or other medication is taken with Cipro, these side-effects may intensify. In the early stages of taking Cipro, refrain from driving or operating machinery in case you react badly to Cipro. If any of abovementioned side-effects persist, contact your doctor immediately. Cipro is only to be taken by the patient for whom it was prescribed. Never increase or decrease the dosage without first consulting a doctor.